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Sustainable Urban Drainage System
Drainage systems can be improved by shifting to Sustainable Drainage Systems (SUDS), whose installation mimics natural drainage patterns to attenuate surface water run-off, encourage the recharging of groundwater, provide significant amenity and wildlife enhancements, and protect water quality.
Data source Author Country Climate risks considered Methodological approach
Adaptation to extreme rainfall with open drainage system: An integrated hydrological cost-benefit analysis Zhou, Q., Panduro, T.E., Thorsen, B.J. and Arnbjerg-Nielsen, K. Denmark Flooding

Cost-benefit analysis of open urban drainage system in Aarhus

Assessment of the potential of ecosystem-based approaches to climate change adaptation and mitigation in Europe Naumann, S., Anzaldua, G., Gerdes, H., Frelih-Larsen, A., Davis, M., Berry, P., Burch, S., Sanders, M. Sweden Flooding

Cost-benefit analysis in Augustenborg for a system to collect rainwater from rooftops and other impervious surfaces and channel it through canals, ditches, ponds and wetlands before finally draining into a traditional closed sub-surface storm water system (known as a “Sustainable Urban Drainage System” (SUDS)).

Climate change uncertainty: building flexibility into water and flood risk infrastructure Gersonius, B., Ashly, R., Pathirana, A. and Zevenbergen, C. UK Flooding

Cost-effectiveness and Multi-criteria analyses for urban drainage system in Leeds

Copenhagen Climate Adaptation Plan City of Copenhagen Denmark Flooding

A Cost benefit analysis was conducted to assess the costs and benefits of Sustainable Urban Drainage System plus backwater valves plus surface adaptation to protect from flood (the Benefit-Cost-Ratio is 2.20).