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Early warning system for flooding
Early warning systems can alert increased precipitation amnd high water level leading to flooding. If authorities are able to respond to warnings in a timely manner, it can avoid damages to virtually all economic actors.
Data source Author Country Climate risks considered Methodological approach
Economic evaluation of structural and non-structural flood risk management measures: examples from the Mulde River. Meyer, V.; Priest, S.; Kuhlicke, C. Germany Flooding
Effectiveness and efficiency of early warning systems for flash-floods (EWASE) Schröter, K., Ostrowski, M., Quintero, F., Corral, C., Velasco-Forero, C., Sepere-Torres, D., Nachtnebel, H.P., Kahl, B., Beyene, M., Rubin, C. and Gocht, M. Spain Flooding

Cost-Benefit-Analysis for Barcelona, Includes direct damages to households and industry, Benefit-Cost-Ratio larger than 1, Net Present Value about 10

Kosten und Nutzen von Anpassungsmaßnahmen an den Klimawandel: Analyse von 28 Anpassungsmaßnahme in Deutschland. (Costs and benefits of climate adaptation measures. Analysis of 28 adaptation measures in Germany) Tröltzsch, J. et al Germany Heatwave

Cost-Benefit Analysis for establishing a Heat Warning System, including costs for data processing, warning and additional services on heat day, benefits are estimated for avoided deaths and hospital costs.

Lee catchment flood risk assessment and management study. Draft catchment flood risk management plan OPW, Cork City Council & Cork County Council Ireland Sea level rise, Flooding

 Multi-criteria analyses were conducted to assess flood and tidal forecasting systems. The systems are combined with a targeted public awareness and education campaign and individual property protection / flood-proofing. The assessments are done for different cities and regions in Ireland.