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Construction of adapted buildings
The option focuses on the reduction of energy demand of residential buildings and offices (new and updating of existing buildings). Furthermore, adjustment of design standards and adapting the resilience of buildings to storms.
Data source Author Country Climate risks considered Methodological approach
Adaptation of California's Electricity Sector to Climate Change Vine, E. California Heatwave

Assessment of intregated energy sources with buildings and improved water management

Economics of adaptation to climate change. Samoa. World Bank Group Samoa Flooding, Increased storminess

Cost assessment of revision of design standards and associated planning requirements to ensure that buildings are capable of coping with the peak wind speeds and precipitation

Using Climate Analogues for Assessing Climate Change Economic Impacts in Urban Areas Hallegatte, E., Hourcade, J. C. and Ambrosi, P. France Flooding, Increased storminess, Heatwave, Water scarcity & droughts

Cost assessment of different adaptation measures and scenarios, including: construction of adapted buildings  (new and adapting existing)