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Early heat warning systems and emergency plans
Systems of warning and advice to the population have been implemented in most European countries after the heat wave occurred in France in 2003. They include preventive as well as reactive measures. Emergency plans include medical assistance and domiciliary services for those affected by heatwaves, especially the elderly.
Data source Author Country Climate risks considered Methodological approach
Are heat warning systems effective? Toloo et al Global Heatwave

Literature studies on cost-benefit analyses for Heat Warning Systems

Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Strategies In Italy Carraro, C. and Sgobbi, A. Italy Heatwave

Benefit assessment for a Heat Warning System in Rome (based on 2003 heatwave)

Heat Watch/Warning Systems save lives. Estimated Costs and Benefits for Philadelphia 1995–98 Ebi et al. USA Heatwave

Cost-Benefit Analysis for the Philadelphia Heat Warning System. Cost estimated mainly for additional wages on heat days (warning, public services), benefits are assessed along avoided deaths.

Improving public health responses to extreme weather/heat-waves – EuroHEAT. Technical summary. WHO France, Spain, UK Heatwave

Cost assessment for different Heat warning systems and activities (including France, Catalonia, England)

Kosten und Nutzen von Anpassungsmassnahmen an den Klimawandel: Analyse von 28 Anpassungsmassnahmen in Deutschland (Costs and benefits of adaptation measures: Analysis of 28 adaptation measures in Germany) Tröltzsch, J., Görlach, B., Lückge, H., Peter, M., Sartorius, C. Germany Heatwave

Cost-benefit assessment of heat warning system

National Observatory for the Impacts of Global Warming. Climate change: costs of impacts and lines of adaptation ONERC France Heatwave

Cost assessment for Heat warning system in France (including costs of preparing alert systems and operating costs)