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Adaptation regarding ship design and shipping infrastructure
Several options can be used to ensure stable conditions for inland water transport, especially a stable river-bed. For example, river groynes are rigid hydraulic structures built from an ocean shore (in coastal engineering) or from a bank (in rivers) that interrupt water flow, limits the movement of sediment and protects coastal areas or river banks. The option can protect against flood, but also droughts. Furthermore, ship design can be adjusted to low water levels, e.g. with smaller ships, different material.
Data source Author Country Climate risks considered Methodological approach
Adaptation Strategies in the Transport Sector‖ Deliverable 4 of the research project WEATHER (Weather Extremes: Impacts on Transport Systems and Hazards for European Regions) Doll, C. et al Europe Flooding, Water scarcity & droughts

Regarding the inland waterway sector important adaptation strategies for the infrastructure include the installation and maintenance of groynes in order to increase the flow velocity of the rivers and to avoid silting of the river beds. Positive effects for high precipitation and droughts. Costs for single groynes are estimated.

Market opportunities for fibreglass inland ships Centrum voor Lichtgewicht Constructies 2003 en Polymarin NEA Europe Water scarcity & droughts

Cost assessment of use of composite material in shipbuilding, e.g. fibreglass reinforced plastic: Due to the lighter material, the loading capacity of the ship increases, fuel use descreases and ships can still operate with lower water level.